Five Latin and five Standard dances are at the origins of DanceSport. Each of these dances is performed to the prescribed music and tempi by couples demonstrating not only proper technique but also poise, power, floor craft and other criteria that reflect the quality of their dancing.
The five Latin dances are the Samba, Cha-Cha-Cha, Rumba, Paso Doble and Jive. With their heritage in Latin American (Samba, Cha-Cha-Cha, Rumba), Hispanic (Paso Doble) and American (Jive) cultures, they each have their distinguishing traits but coincide in expressiveness, intensity and energy.
The five Standard dances are the Waltz, Tango, Viennese Waltz, Slow Foxtrot and Quickstep. Somewhat more formal than their Latin counterparts - and not just in terms of the athletes' attire - they are generally danced in a closed position of the partners. The hold a Standard dance commences with is maintained throughout.Other Styles & Forms
The list of styles in which competitions are held under the genus name DanceSport is far too long for it to be reproduced here all-inclusive. But even the most abridged and almost randomly established list of styles, or forms, of dance should reflect their immense diversity.
Rock 'n' Roll is one of the four styles in which the World Rock 'n' Roll Confederation (WRRC) holds official World Championships since 1984. Boogie Woogie, Lindy Hop and Bugg are the others.
Many of the most popular contemporary dance styles fall under this genus name: Hip Hop and Break are just two of them. What unites them is that they are often improvisational, sometimes even anarchic, and social to an extent that they thrive on interaction between the dancers or with those looking on.
New Vogue is the collective name for a style comprising 15 dances - from the Barclay Blues to the Twilight - recognised by DanceSport Australia and danced exclusively there and in New Zealand.
Salsa has its origins in Cuba, has developed all across the Caribbean and Latin America, and it is today one of the most popular dance styles worldwide. A Salsa competition will feature together with those in Latin, Rock 'n' Roll and Standard in The World Games 2017.
This genre involves athletes with a physical disability that affects their lower limbs. Practised in four different forms - either paired up with an able-bodied partner or between two or more wheelchair users - its technical base are the Latin and Standard dances. The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) governs Wheelchair DanceSport.